Eye Health

Eye Anatomy

Select from the following list or scroll to learn more about eye anatomy:

Iris

Pigmented tissue lying behind cornea that (1) gives color to the eye, and (2) controls amount of light entering the eye by varying size of black pupillary opening; separates the anterior chamber from the posterior chamber.

Cornea

Transparent front segment of the eye that covers iris, pupil, and anterior chamber, and provides most of an eye’s optical power.

Pupil

Variable-sized, circular opening in center of iris; it appears as a black circle and it regulates the amount of light that enters the eye.

Lens

Natural lens of eye; transparent intra-ocular tissue that helps bring rays of light to focus on the retina.

Sclera

The white of the eye; a protective fibrous outer layer covers all of the eyeball except for the part covered by the cornea.

Ciliary Body

A muscular ring under the surface of the eyeball; helps the eye focus by changing the lens’s shape and also produces aqueous humor.

Choroid

The vascular layer between the sclera and the retina; the blood vessels in the choroid help provide oxygen and nutrients to the eye.

Optic Nerve

Largest sensory nerve of the eye; carries impulses for sight from retina to brain.

Macula

Small, specialized central area of the retina responsible for acute central vision.

Retina

Part of the eye that converts images into electrical impulses sent along the optic nerve for transmission back to the brain. Consists of many named layers that include rods and cones.

Vitreous

Transparent, colorless, gelatinous mass; fills rear two-thirds of the interior of the eyeball, between the lens and the retina.